Thursday, October 2, 2014

5 Things to Know About Ebola

ebola patient receiving treatment in latter stages of disease

The current outbreak of Ebola virus in West Africa, has been declared by the World Health Organization (WHO) as an international public health emergency, which must be implemented emergency measures to stop transmission between countries.

Countries affected so far just do not have the capacity to handle an outbreak of this size and complexity, on their own. I urge the international community to provide this support as urgently as possible. "

Although it now appears, the Organization had rightly expressed his concern about the situation:

What you should know

While many cases are located in the border area of ​​Guinea Conakry, Liberia and Sierra Leone, the declaration of emergency by the WHO shows that everyone should be informed regarding Ebola (EVE), so you share things you need to know.

 1. Causes: According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is caused by a virus belonging to the family called Filoviridae, which scientists have identified five types.

2Transmission: This disease can be primarily transmitted to humans from infected animals and materials, indicates that University.

Subsequently, the virus spreads in the community through transmission from person to person by direct contact, through mucous membranes or continuity solutions skin indicates WHO.

3 Symptoms: The FSC is a severe acute viral disease that is often characterized by the sudden onset of fever, intense weakness, muscle pain, headache and sore throat, says the World Health Organization.

This is followed by vomiting, diarrhea, rashes, liver kidney dysfunction, and in some cases internal and external bleeding.

4 Diagnosis: There are several tests that can be performed to find out if you have EVE, but before that WHO should be discarded indicates that the person suffers from malaria, typhoid, cholera and other viral haemorrhagic fevers.

Among existing laboratory tests that can detect Ebola are: the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and the polymerase chain reaction reverse transcription (RT-PCR)

5. Prevention and treatment: Because there is no vaccine against type animal virus that gives animals, WHO recommends regular cleaning and disinfection of pig farms and will inactivate the virus and the disease can be prevented.

Medical researchers note that there is no known cure, existing antivirals do not work well against Ebola virus. So a sick person should be hospitalized and receive intensive care, but 90% of them die.

As the disease progresses is usually too late for your attention, it is important that everyone is informed about their proliferation. And that vulnerable countries to provide information for the Ebola virus.

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